Basically, conditional reserves represent various aggregate liabilities. This reserves that are familiar to free surplus or resources would include excess of statutory reserves on loss over statement reserves, unauthorized reinsurance, dividends to policy holders being undeclared, and some other identical reserves that are established in compliance with or voluntary to the statutory regulations.
In some studies and further research through the recent years, legislation has required life insurance business groups to value both liabilities and assets at market value. The value of assets will easily be obtained from financial market. On the other hand, life insurance programs will not be traded in the financial advertisements because determining the market value for liabilities corresponds to a larger problem.
In an insurance portfolio, for instance, one may consider an insurance portfolio that is comprised of insured people having the same age. The mortality intensity describes the probability of death of one person insured in a very small time frame. The lives being insured are not obviously independent, since the death or survival of all the insured depends on the progress of the mortality intensity. However, such is conditioned on the progress on the mortality intensity and it is assumed that the lives being insured are independent.
In terms of reserving, different reservation theories were considered that may be applicable in life insurance. It was noted that all reserves were calculated at a time rate of zero, after possible early premium, so that an obtained reserve at such time will be interpreted as an initial premium being implied by a considered criterion. There are also alternative approaches towards the reinvestment risk. As a replacement of calculation on the reserves, the so called no arbitrage principle may be applied. This includes three alternative approaches in handling reinvestment risk. Being combined with the no arbitrage principle in the remaining risks, the principle reserves will also serve as an alternative towards the market reserves. A reserve also depends on the attitude of advertisement towards the unsystematic and systematic mortality risk.
In terms of conditional receipts, they are also considered as in famous, not for its binding ability, but for its conditions that runs a muck in a certain document, allowing the company not to pay-out in the case of death during the application procedures. They would crumble no words in the initial shot diagonally towards the bow. Hence, no coverage can become effective preceding the delivery of the plan or policy being applied for until all conditions on the receipt has been exactly fulfilled.
In the temporary insurance agreement standard, the corresponding conditional receipt is when all checks must be made out to the company and not on the agent. Western reserve’s provisional receipt goes one step ahead and notes that if one leaves the payee blank, he can jeopardize the insurance on which one has applied.
A.M. Best Company best assigns number grades in order to express one’s carrier’s financial amount. Such is also referred as the financial size category (FSC). The FSC is considered as an indicator on how much surplus, capital, and conditional reserve funds a carrier has. Financial size category ranges from one to fifteen, one as being the poorest and fifteen as being the richest. Several insurance purchasers consider buying insurance program coverage from some companies which are believed to have sufficient financial capability in insuring risks.